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Seductive, striking and natural, Cusco’s history lives in its streets, squares, valleys and towns. Stunning destinations and examples of fine engineering by Inca stonemasons can be seen in Choquequirao, Saysayhuamán, Kenko, Tambomachay, Ollantaytambo and Machu Picchu, the Inca jewel built with the wisdom of the ancient Peruvians in an ecological environment. Captivating landscapes such as the Sacred Valley, where the mountains are clothed by terraces. Pictures villages where the past forms part of the present. Cusco really is the birthplace of the world. Location: Andes mountain range in the south of Peru Extension: 72,104 km2.
Cusco City has a semi-dry and cold climate.
Maximum temperature: 21°C 70°
Minimum temperatura: 1°C 34°F
By air: Regular flights to Cusco City from Lima (1 hour) and from Arequipa (30 minutes).
By land: Lima-Arequipa-Cusco: 1,650 Km (26 hours by car) / Lima-Nazca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco: 1,131 Km (20 hours by car) / Puno-Cusco: 389 Km(7 hours by car).
By train: Puno-Cusco: 384 Km(10 hours).
Lowest 532 masl (Pilcopata)
Highest 6,384 masl (Ausangate Peak)
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In Cusco, gastronomy is history, knowledge, and the adaptation of mankind to the environment. It is also the authenticity of the local culture and its later fusion with the new. Behind each dish are ancestral agriculture, local products, and a regional récipe book. The city offers international and criolla options, as well as the chef’s own creations—which are usually recreations of classic recipes that allow local ingredients to shine and gain exposure. Local eating and drinking venues known as chicherias and picanterías remain to be discovered by the visitor. Tables are shared and a variety of food is served: fried malaya (steak), zarza de patitas (pig’s trotter), sara lawa (cream of corn), adobo (marinade), soltero de queso (a cheese salad), fried trout, and chicharrón con mote (pork crackling with hominy). Chicha (a corn-based drink) is the essential beverage to accompany and enjoy the meal.
The region’s traditional crafts include fine alpaca wool fabrics, ceramic pieces, carefully prepared images, and silver jewelry that displays Andean motifs. San Blas is the most representative neighborhood for these traditions in the city of Cusco. It is home to the workshops of renowned teachers such as Edilberto Mérida, Antonio Olave, Gregorio Béjar, and the Mendivil family. Outside the city craft fairs can be found in Corao, Písac, and Chinchero. They are well known for the sale of alpaca fiber and silver jewelry.